Health status, healthcare use and child MMR vaccination coverage in Travellers according to their environmental and living conditions in Nouvelle-Aquitaine, France, 2019-2022

Publié le 27 octobre 2023
Mis à jour le 16 janvier 2024

BACKGROUND: The poor health status of underserved populations is compounded by low vaccination uptake, leading to a greater risk of epidemics. On October 2017, a measles outbreak started in the southwest of France among under-vaccinated social groups, including Travellers. We aimed to describe the health status, healthcare use and child measles-mumps-rubella (MMR) vaccination coverage in Travellers according to their environmental and living conditions. METHODS: A cross-sectional study with a three-stage random sample design was conducted between October 2019 and March 2022 in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region in France. Trained social workers administered face-to-face questionnaires to collect data on adults and children. Anthropometric measurements, vaccination records and data using an environmental exposure questionnaire were also collected. RESULTS: The participation rate was high (73.6%), with 1030 adults and 337 children included. Concerning the adults, 36.6% had obesity, 14.4% reported diabetes, 24.7% hypertension and 14.4% major depression. The prevalence of major depression was significantly higher in adults living in precarious and unauthorized housing than in those with adequate housing (19.8 vs. 14.7%, P = 0.03). With regard to children, 45.3% had full (i.e. 2-dose) MMR vaccination coverage at 24 months and 17.9% had obesity. Finally, 74.5% of the households experienced housing insecurity, and 22.2% did not have a supply of drinking water. CONCLUSION: Traveller children and adults faced deleterious environmental and living conditions potentially affecting their health, healthcare use and vaccination coverage. These results demonstrate the need for urgent interventions for underserved populations which take into account their specific needs.

Auteur : Mondeilh Aude, Brabant Gilles, Haidar Sahar, Saboni Leïla, Ruello Marc, Lesieur Sophie, Castor Christine, Autes-Treand Erwan, Le Strat Yann, Vandentorren Stéphanie
European journal of public health, 2023, vol. 33, n°. 6, p. 1194-1199