French Guiana (FG), a French overseas territory in South America, is susceptible to tropical diseases, including arboviruses. The tropical climate supports the proliferation and establishment of vectors, making it difficult to control transmission. In the last ten years, FG has experienced large outbreaks of imported arboviruses such as Chikungunya and Zika, as well as endemic arboviruses such as dengue, Yellow fever, and Oropouche virus. Epidemiological surveillance is challenging due to the differing distributions and behaviors of vectors. This article aims to summarize the current knowledge of these arboviruses in FG and discuss the challenges of arbovirus emergence and reemergence. Effective control measures are hampered by the nonspecific clinical presentation of these diseases, as well as the Aedes aegypti mosquito's resistance to insecticides. Despite the high seroprevalence of certain viruses, the possibility of new epidemics cannot be ruled out. Therefore, active epidemiological surveillance is needed to identify potential outbreaks, and an adequate sentinel surveillance system and broad virological diagnostic panel are being developed in FG to improve disease management.
Auteur : Bonifay Timothee, Le Turnier Paul, Epelboin Yanouk, Carvalho Luisiane, De Thoisy Benoit, Djossou Félix, Duchemin Jean-Bernard, Dussart Philippe, Enfissi Antoine, Lavergne Anne, Mutricy Rémi, Nacher Mathieu, Rabier Sébastien, Talaga Stanislas, Talarmin Antoine, Rousset Dominique, Epelboin Loïc
Viruses, 2023, vol. 15, n°. 6, p. 1268