Malaria blood safety policy in five non-endemic countries: a retrospective comparison through the lens of the ABO risk-based decision-making framework

Publié le 1 mars 2019
Mis à jour le 30 octobre 2019

Background: in non-endemic countries, malaria risk is addressed by selectively testing or deferring at-risk donors. These policy decisions were made using a variety of decision-making frameworks prior to the development of the Alliance of Blood Operators Risk Based Decision-Making Framework. It is unclear whether the range of items assessed in the decision-making process would be increased if the Framework were used. We compared assessments considered in France, England and Australia for decisions to implement selective testing, plus donor selection criteria (Canada and the USA included) with those recommended by the Framework. Materials and methods: elements of the Framework were identified: the intervention, safety threat, availability threat, donor impact, financial implications, risk communication, stakeholder and regulatory aspects. Decisions about selective testing and donor selection criteria were analysed separately. Assessments were compared against elements of the Framework and the level of concern for considerations rated. Results: sufficiency of the blood supply (plus safety in France) were the drivers for selective testing; main trade-offs were high operational impact and cost. In three donor criteria examples, transfusion-transmitted malaria cases prompted the change. Social concerns were high in France and Australia, political/regulatory concerns influenced decisions in France, Australia and Canada, while sufficiency was a consideration in Canada and the USA. Decision trade-offs involved moderate operational impact. Discussion: the assessments considered in each country were generally consistent with the assessments recommended by the Framework. When data supported quantified risk assessment, safety and operational feasibility had the greatest weight. When risk was not well defined, contextual factors such as social and political concern had greater weight.

Auteur : O'Brien Sheila F, Ward Sheila, Gallian Pierre, Fabra Cécile, Pillonel Josiane, Kitchen Alan D, Davison Katy, Seed Clive R, Delage Gilles, Steele Whitney R, Leiby David A
Blood Transfusion, 2019, vol. 17, n°. 2, p. 94-102