BACKGROUND: This study describes the evolution of vaccination acceptability and associated determinants in the French general population between 2000 and 2021, and vaccinations with the highest vaccine hesitancy between 2010 and 2021. METHODS: Data were collected from the nine national "Health Barometer" cross-sectional surveys conducted between 2000 and 2021. These surveys included French-speaking individuals aged 18-75 years old who were selected through randomly generated landline and mobile phone numbers. Participants were asked about their acceptability of vaccination in general and their vaccine hesitancy toward any particular vaccinations. Determinants of vaccination acceptability were studied using univariate and multivariate Poisson regressions. RESULTS: The proportion of persons who found vaccination acceptable in general (i.e., answering "very" or "somewhat" favourable in the survey interview) decreased from 91.1% in 2000 to 61.2% in 2010 (the latter year coinciding with the 2009 H1N1 influenza pandemic), increased in 2014 (78.8%), slightly fluctuated until 2019 (74.2%), and increased again in both 2020 (80.0%) and 2021 (82.5%) during the COVID-19 pandemic. Irrespective of the year, acceptability was higher among persons with higher incomes, those with a higher education level, and individuals not living alone. In 2021, for the first time, vaccination acceptability was higher among persons over 44 years old (versus 18-24 year-olds) and among retired persons (versus workers). The highest hesitancy rate for a vaccine was for the 2009 H1N1 influenza virus in 2010 (41% answering "somewhat" or "very" unfavourable). In 2021, the highest rate was for the COVID-19 vaccine (21%). DISCUSSION: Unlike the experience of the 2009 AH1N1 influenza pandemic, which led to a collapse in vaccination acceptability among the French general population, acceptability continued to increase during the COVID-19 pandemic. However, the pre-2010 level was not reached. Our results show a tendency towards a widening social and economic gap in terms of vaccine acceptability over time.
Auteur : Vaux Sophie, Gautier Arnaud, Nassany Oriane, Bonmarin Isabelle
Vaccine, 2023, vol. 41, n°. 42, p. 6281-6290