Introduction: the cigarette, like the cigarette pack, is used by tobacco companies as a promotional tool. We explore how the cigarette could potentially be used as a dissuasive tool. Methods: an online survey was conducted with 15-30-year-old smokers and nonsmokers (N = 998) in France to explore their perceptions of a plain cigarette (gray with no brand name) and three branded cigarettes (regular, slim, pink). Participants were randomly assigned to view the plain cigarette and either the regular, slim, or pink cigarette. They were asked to rate the cigarettes by Appeal (tastiest, highest quality, and most expensive), Harm (most dangerous and most effective for motivating people to talk about tobacco dangers), and Perceived behavioral impact (most effective to convince teenagers not to start and to motivate smokers to reduce consumption and quit). Results: in comparison to the gray cigarette, each of the branded cigarettes were considered more appealing, less harmful, and more likely to motivate teenagers to start and less likely to motivate smokers to reduce consumption or quit. Conclusions: the study suggests that altering the appearance of the cigarette may reduce cigarette appeal, increase harm perceptions, and deter both young people and smokers. Implications: very little research has focused on dissuasive cigarettes whereas the cigarette stick has become very important for tobacco companies for communication purposes. This is the first study to compare the effect of various branded cigarettes (regular, slim, and pink) with a plain gray cigarette on young adult smokers and nonsmokers. The findings suggest that a plain gray cigarette can reduce cigarette appeal, increase perceptions of harm, and may deter use among both smokers and nonsmokers.
Auteur : Gallopel-Morvan Karine, Moodie Crawford, Guignard Romain, Eker Figen, Béguinot Emmanuelle
Nicotine & Tobacco Research, 2019, vol. 21, n°. 7, p. 911-917