Incidence of knee pain and its work-related risk factors in a large working population

Publié le 2 Juin 2014
Mis à jour le 05 Juillet 2019

OBJECTIVES: this study aims to estimate the incidence of knee pain and its risk factors in a general French working population, representative of the work force. METHOD: of 3710 workers of a French region included in a study in 2002-2005 with a self-administered questionnaire, 2332 completed a follow-up questionnaire in 2007-2011. The questionnaires included musculoskeletal symptoms, individual and occupational exposures, and physical limitations (at follow-up only). Incident knee pain in 2007-2011 (i.e. subjects not suffering of knee pain at baseline and suffering of knee pain at follow-up) was dichotomized into sub-chronic knee pain (1-29 days) and chronic knee pain (more than 30 days). Associations between the incident knee pains and individual and work-related risk factors at baseline were studied separately by gender, using multinomial logistic regressions. RESULTS: of the 1616 respondents without knee pain at baseline, 122 (7.5%) reported chronic knee pain and 243 (15.0%) reported sub-chronic knee pain; 43% of workers with incident chronic knee pain and 30% of workers with incident sub-chronic knee pain had other chronic pains at baseline, and respectively 51% and 28% reported limitations in climbing stairs. After adjustment for age and BMI, significant associations were found between incident knee pain and handling loads more than 4 kg (Odds-Ratio (OR) 2.1 (1.2-3.6) among men, OR 2.3 (1.1-5.0) among women) and kneeling for more than 2 h per day among men (OR 1.8 (1.0-3.0)). CONCLUSIONS: this study, conducted in a large representative working population, highlights the relation between incident knee pain and occupational risk factors such as handling loads and kneeling. (R.A.)

Auteur : Herquelot E, Leclerc A, Roquelaure Y, Bodin J, Ha C, Cyr D, Goldberg M, Zins M, Descatha A
Occupational and environmental medicine, 2014, vol. 71, p. A6-A7