French annual national observational study of 2015 outpatient and inpatient healthcare utilization by approximately half a million patients with previous heart failure diagnosis

Publié le 27 Août 2020
Mis à jour le 27 mars 2021

Background: heart failure management guidelines have been published, but the degree of adherence to these guidelines remains unknown. Aims: to study in 2015 healthcare utilization and causes of death for people previously identified with heart failure. Methods: the national health data system was used to identify adult general scheme (86% of the French population) hospitalized for heart failure between 2011 and 2014 or with only a long-term chronic disease allowance for heart failure. The frequency and median (interquartile range) of at least one healthcare use among those still alive in 2015 was calculated. Results: a total of 499,296 adults (1.4% of the population) were included, and 429,853 were alive in 2015; median age 79 (68-86) years. At least one utilization was observed for a general practitioner in 95% of patients (median 8 [interquartile range 5-13] consultations), a cardiologist in 42% (2 [1-3]), a nurse in 78% (16 [4-100]), a loop diuretic in 64% (11 [8-12] dispensations), an aldosterone antagonist in 21% (8 [5-11]), a thiazide in 15% (7 [4-11]), a renin-angiotensin system inhibitor in 68% (11 [8-13]), a beta-blocker in 65% (11 [7-13]), a beta-blocker plus a renin-angiotensin system inhibitor in 57%, and a beta-blocker plus a renin-angiotensin system inhibitor plus an aldosterone antagonist in 37%. Hospitalization for heart failure was present for 8% (1 [1,2]). Higher levels of healthcare utilization were observed in the presence of hospitalization for heart failure before 2015. Among the 13.9% of people who died in 2015, heart failure accounted for 8% of causes, cardiovascular disease accounted for 39%. Conclusions: general practitioners and nurses are the main actors in the regular follow-up of patients with heart failure, whereas cardiologist consultations and dispensing of first-line treatments are insufficient with respect to guidelines.

Auteur : Feldman Sarah F, Lesuffleur Thomas, Olié Valérie, Gastaldi-Ménager Christelle, Juillière Yves, Tuppin Philippe
Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases, 2021, vol. 114, n°. 1, p. 17-32