Patients Hospitalized for Ischemic Stroke and Intracerebral Hemorrhage in France: Time Trends (2008-2019), In-Hospital Outcomes, Age and Sex Differences

Publié le 17 mars 2022
Mis à jour le 30 mai 2022

BACKGROUND: Rates of patients hospitalized for stroke increased among people aged under 65 years in France, as has been found in other countries. METHODS: To analyze time trends in the rates of patients hospitalized for ischemic stroke (IS) and intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) in France between 2008 and 2019 and determine related short-term outcomes mainly, we selected all patients hospitalized for stroke using the French national hospital database. RESULTS: The average annual percentage change in the rates of patients hospitalized for IS increased significantly in men and women aged 50-64 years (+2.0%) and in men aged 18-34 years (+1.5%) and 35-44 years (+2.2%). A decrease in the average annual percentage change was observed for IS among people aged over 75 years and among those over 50 years for ICH. After adjustment on confounding factors, women were less likely to die in hospital. Case fatality rates decreased overtime in all age groups for both sexes, with a more pronounced decrease for IS than ICH. CONCLUSIONS: The increasing trend of IS among adults under 65 years is ongoing, highlighting the urgent need for stroke prevention programs in that age. For the first time, we recorded a decrease in the rates of patients hospitalized for ICH among the population over 50 years.

Auteur : Olié Valérie, Grave Clémence, Tuppin Philippe, Duloquin Gauthier, Béjot Yannick, Gabet Amélie
Journal of clinical medicine, 2022, vol. 11, n°. 6