Ophthalmic complications during the dengue epidemic in Reunion Island in 2020: a case series and review of the literature.

Publié le 2 août 2023
Mis à jour le 1 septembre 2023

INTRODUCTION: Dengue is an arboviral disease transmitted by the dengue virus, whose vectors are Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus. The acute phase with its cohort of well-known symptoms is usually spontaneously favorable. Since 2020 in Reunion Island, a new symptom has appeared: the ocular damage of dengue fever, which has already been described in South Asia and South-East Asia. We therefore decided to describe the clinical, biological, ophthalmological, therapeutic, and outcomes of patients with ocular manifestations during dengue fever in Reunion Island in 2020. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This was a retrospective observational study. Patients were included from January 2020 to August 2020 and then reassessed by teleconsultation 1 year later. The patients were identified from the French public health surveillance network by all ophthalmologists on the island. Medical data were collected directly from medical records. RESULTS: Twenty-eight patients were included. The mean age was 41.9 years. Ocular involvement occurred approximately 9.2 days after the onset of dengue symptoms. The main symptoms were scotoma (71.4%) and sudden decrease of visual acuity (39.2%). Eighteen patients (64.2%) had macular involvement. Fourteen patients were treated with oral or intravenous corticosteroids. Twenty-two (78.5%) patients were evaluated by telephone one year later. Scotoma and decreased visual acuity persisted in 15 patients. Thirteen patients (59%) were bothered by night driving, 32% of patients had reading difficulties and 27% of patients became sensitive to prolonged exposure to screens. CONCLUSION: Ocular complications of dengue require early and collegial management to limit the risk of long-term sequelae. Further studies on the characteristics and complications of dengue fever are needed to better understand this disease.

Auteur : Mbu-Nyamsi Digé, Vincent Muriel, Perez-Fontana Mariane, Best Anne-Laurence, Mesnard Charles, Villeroy Fréderic, Foucher Aurélie, Raffray Loic, Terrier Cécile Saint-Pastou, Bertolotti Antoine
BMC infectious diseases, 2023, vol. 23, n°. 1, p. 506