Background - Vaping remains controversial in France, its benefit/risk ratio still being poorly known, as recalled by the French High Council for Public Health in its last opinion published in 2022. Its effectiveness for quitting smoking is not demonstrated, and its impact on young people starting to smoke is questioned. The objective of this study is to assess the evolution of the prevalence of vaping among adults in France. Method - Data come from the 2021 Health Barometer of the national public health agency, Santé publique France, a telephone survey with random sampling conducted between February and December, among 24,514 adults aged 18-85 living in metropolitan France. Descriptive statistics and logistic regression are used. Results - In 2021, 38.7% of French people between 18 and 75 years of age said they had already tried electronic cigarettes. The use of a vaper at the time of the survey was reported by 6.7% of 18-75 year olds. The prevalence of daily vaping was 5.0%, a proportion that has been rising steadily since 2014 (3.0%, first year measurement of prevalence in France). Almost all daily vapers between 18 and 75 years of age had, in 2021 as in 2017, experience with tobacco smoking: 41.2% smoked tobacco every day, 14.3% occasionally, 43.7% were former smokers, and less than 1% had never smoked. The socio-demographic characteristics associated with vaping and their evolution will be analyzed: sex, age, income, diploma, employment situation. The perception of the electronic cigarette as an aid to quit smoking among ex-smokers, vapers or former vapers, will finally be described. Conclusion - The prevalence of daily vaping among adults has been increasing in France since its arrival on the market. Almost all adult daily vapers had experience with tobacco smoking. These results are useful for measuring vaping diffusion, as well as the link with tobacco smoking.
International scientific conference on e-cigarette, Paris, 5-6 December 2022
Auteur : Pasquereau Anne, Andler Raphaël, Guignard Romain, Nguyen-Thanh Viêt
Année de publication : 2022
Pages : 19 p.
Format/Durée : diaporama