Application of Machine Learning Prediction of Individual SARS-CoV-2 Vaccination and Infection Status to the French Serosurveillance Survey From March 2020 to 2022: Cross-Sectional Study

Publié le 28 novembre 2023
Mis à jour le 15 décembre 2023

BACKGROUND: The seroprevalence of SARS-CoV-2 infection in the French population was estimated with a representative, repeated cross-sectional survey based on residual sera from routine blood testing. These data contained no information on infection or vaccination status, thus limiting the ability to detail changes observed in the immunity level of the population over time. OBJECTIVE: Our aim is to predict the infected or vaccinated status of individuals in the French serosurveillance survey based only on the results of serological assays. Reference data on longitudinal serological profiles of seronegative, infected, and vaccinated individuals from another French cohort were used to build the predictive model. METHODS: A model of individual vaccination or infection status with respect to SARS-CoV-2 obtained from a machine learning procedure was proposed based on 3 complementary serological assays. This model was applied to the French nationwide serosurveillance survey from March 2020 to March 2022 to estimate the proportions of the population that were negative, infected, vaccinated, or infected and vaccinated. RESULTS: From February 2021 to March 2022, the estimated percentage of infected and unvaccinated individuals in France increased from 7.5% to 16.8%. During this period, the estimated percentage increased from 3.6% to 45.2% for vaccinated and uninfected individuals and from 2.1% to 29.1% for vaccinated and infected individuals. The decrease in the seronegative population can be largely attributed to vaccination. CONCLUSIONS: Combining results from the serosurveillance survey with more complete data from another longitudinal cohort completes the information retrieved from serosurveillance while keeping its protocol simple and easy to implement.

Auteur : Bougeard Stéphanie, Huneau-Salaun Adeline, Attia Mikael, Richard Jean-Baptiste, Demeret Caroline, Platon Johnny, Allain Virginie, Le Vu Stéphane, Goyard Sophie, Gillon Véronique, Bernard-Stoecklin Sibylle, Crescenzo-Chaigne Bernadette, Jones Gabrielle, Rose Nicolas, van der Werf Sylvie, Lantz Olivier, Rose Thierry, Noël Harold
JMIR public health and surveillance, 2023, vol. 9, p. e46898