Decrease in the incidence of culture-positive meningitis and cerebral tuberculomas in France from 1990 to 2007

Publié le 2 Septembre 2013
Mis à jour le 10 Septembre 2019

We evaluated the incidence rate of culture-positive central nervous system tuberculosis (CNS TB) in France in 2007 and its time trend between 1990 and 2007. We used a capture-recapture analysis by using data recorded in 2007 by the mandatory notification system and the national network of the National Reference Centre (NRC). The 2007 sensitivity of the NRC was 79·4%. The previous sensitivity for 2000 (75·6%) and that for 2007 yielded a pooled estimate of 77·4% (95% confidence interval 64·8-88·0), which was used to extrapolate the number of culture-positive CNS TB cases from those reported in four surveys (1990, 1995, 2000, 2007). The extrapolated number of culture-positive CNS TB cases fell from 90 to 35 between 1990 and 2007, and the extrapolated incidence rates fell from 1·6 to 0·55 cases/million (P < 0·001). This favourable trend should be closely monitored following the change of the BCG vaccination policy in 2007. (R.A.)

Auteur : Bui TV, Meyssonnier V, Boelle PY, Che D, Antoine D, Jarlier V, Robert J
Epidemiology and Infection, 2013, vol. 142, n°. 7, p. 1510-6