Tickborne encephalitis (TBE) is endemic in virtually all countries in central and eastern Europe. It is caused by several closely related but distinct flaviviruses. Three subtypes are recognised at present: a Far-Eastern subtype, a Siberian subtype and a European subtype. The Siberian subtype is associated with Russian spring-summer encephalitis and is transmitted predominantly by the tick Ixodes persulcatus, whereas the European subtype causes central European encephalitis and is transmitted by Ixodes ricinus.
Auteur : Beran J
Eurosurveillance, 2004, vol. 8, n°. 26