Guillain-Barré syndrome and chikungunya: description of all cases diagnosed during the 2014 outbreak in the French West Indies

Publié le 1 Août 2017
Mis à jour le 5 juillet 2019

The Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS) has been reported as a possible complication of acute chikungunya infection. The chikungunya epidemics, which occurred in Martinique and Guadeloupe in 2014, affected 308,000 people in these two islands. GBS occurred during or immediately after acute chikungunya infection in 13 patients (10 men, three women; mean age: 61 years). Median time from acute chikungunya to GBS onset was 9 days. Twelve patients were treated with intravenous polyvalent immunoglobulins, nine of whom improved within 7 days. Five of 13 patients required mechanical ventilation. Two patients with severe GBS died. At 6 months of follow-up, 7/13 achieved a good functional recovery with no or minor residual symptoms. A 2-fold increase in incidence was observed during the year of chikungunya outbreak. This study supports prior reports suggesting that GBS may be a complication of chikungunya.

Auteur : Balavoine S, Pircher M, Hoen B, Herrmann Storck C, Najioullah F, Madeux B, Signate A, Valentino R, Lannuzel A, Saint Louis M, Cassadou S, Cabie A, Schepers K
American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, 2017, vol. 97, n°. 2, p. 356-60