Background: guidelines have been published concerning patient management after hospitalization for heart failure. The French national healthcare database (Système national des données de santé; SNDS) can be used to compare these guidelines with real-life practice. Aims: to study healthcare utilization 30 days before and after hospitalization for heart failure, and the variations induced by the exclusion of institutionalized patients, who are less exposed to outpatient healthcare utilization. Methods: we identified the first hospitalization for heart failure in 2015 of adult beneficiaries of the health insurance schemes covering 88% of the French population, who were alive 30 days after hospitalization. Outpatient healthcare utilization rates during the 30 days after hospitalization and the median times to outpatient care, together with their interquartile ranges, were described for all patients, and for a subgroup excluding institutionalized patients. Results: among the 104,984 patients included (mean age 79 years; 52% women), 74% were non-institutionalized (mean age 78 years; 47% women). The frequencies of at least one consultation after hospitalization and the median times to consultation were 69% (total sample) vs. 78% (subgroup excluding institutionalized patients) and 8 days (interquartile range 3; 16) vs. 7 days (3; 15) for general practitioners, 20% vs. 21% and 14 days (7; 23) vs. 16 days (9; 24) for cardiologists and 58% vs. 69% and 3 days (1; 9) vs. 2 days (1; 7) for nurses, with reimbursement of diuretics in 77% vs. 86%, angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors or angiotensin II receptor blockers in 48% vs. 55% and beta-blockers in 55% vs. 63%. Departmental variations, excluding institutionalized patients, were large: general practice consultations (interquartile range 74%; 83%), cardiology consultations (11%; 23%) and nursing care (68%; 77%). Conclusions: low outpatient healthcare utilization rates, long intervals to first healthcare utilization and departmental variations indicate a mismatch between guidelines and real-life practice, which is accentuated when including institutionalized patients.
Auteur : Feldman Sarah F, Lesuffleur Thomas, Olié Valérie, Gastaldi-Ménager Christelle, Juillière Yves, Tuppin Philippe
Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases, 2020, vol. 113, n°. 6-7, p. 401-419