Introduction. Healthcare students should comply with the same vaccination recommendations as employed healthcare professionals. Vaccination coverage data for healthcare students are lacking. Materials and methods. This cross-sectional survey was carried out on medical, nursing and midwifery students in 15 hospitals of the Assistance Publique Hôpitaux de Paris with a maternity ward. All midwifery students were surveyed, and a subset of medical and nursing students were selected from 10 hospitals by three-stage random sampling. Data were collected by face-to-face interviews and verified from health records. Results. A total of 432 students were included in the study (178 medical, 147 nursing, 107 midwifery), of whom 376 (87%) had proof of vaccination. The confirmed coverage for compulsory vaccinations was 96.9% for the booster dose of diphtheria tetanus poliomyelitis vaccine, 93.6% for BCG and 91.8% for at least three doses of hepatitis B. The coverage for recommended vaccinations confirmed by a vaccine booklet was 44% for pertussis (booster at 11 13 or 16 18 years of age), and 79.3% and 49.6% for the first and second doses of measles, respectively. The rate for influenza vaccination was 39.6%, based on self-reported information. Of the 27 students without any history of varicella infection, six had been vaccinated. Discussion. Vaccination coverage of healthcare students is high for compulsory vaccinations, but largely insufficient for recommended vaccinations. Increased awareness regarding the required vaccinations is necessary in this population, as well as stronger enforcement prior to initiating clinical work.
Auteur : Loulergue P, Fonteneau L, Armengaud JB, Momcilovic S, Levy Bruhl D, Launay O, Guthmann JP
Vaccine, 2013, vol. 21, n°. 26, p. 2835-8