Chlordecone and organochlorine compound levels in the French West Indies population in 2013-2014

Publié le 28 December 2019
Mis à jour le 05 octobre 2021

Agricultural activities in the Caribbean, especially banana cropping, are known for their significant use of pesticides. In particular is chlordecone, which was used between 1972 and 1993 against the banana root borer, Cosmopolites sordidus (Germar, 1824). In this context, "Kannari study: Health, Nutrition and Exposition to Chlordecone in French West Indies" was put in place in 2013-2014 to supplement knowledge about the exposure of the population to chlordecone and other organochlorine pollutants. The data collected comprised a dietary intake description, data from biological samples (blood sample), socioeconomic and demographic information, and data from complementary specific items relative to life habits. A total of 742 subjects (292 in Guadeloupe and 450 in Martinique) were included in the impregnation component of the Kannari study. In this study, chlordecone and organochlorine compounds were detected in almost all participants. This result suggests that exposure to chlordecone is widespread, but also to other organochlorine pesticides. Chlordecone impregnation of the majority of the population appears to have decreased between 2003 and 2013, but various subgroups of the population remain highly exposed. The levels of impregnation are determined by dietary exposure and environmental contamination. However, total consumption of fresh fish (all species combined), especially from informal channels, is the main source of exposure to chlordecone. The serum PCB concentrations measured in the French Caribbean Islands of Guadeloupe and Martinique are lower than those observed in metropolitan France in 2007 (French Nutrition and Health Survey (ENNS)). In contrast, the French West Indies population seems more exposed to lindane than the French mainland population, and this exposure also seems more recent.

Auteur : Dereumeaux Clémentine, Saoudi Abdessattar, Guldner Laurence, Pecheux Marie, Chesneau Julie, Thomé Jean-Pierre, Ledrans Martine, Le Tertre Alain, Denys Sébastien, Fillol Clémence
Environmental Science and Pollution Research International, 2019, vol. 27, n°. 33, p. 41033-41045