Surveillance of listeriosis in Finland during 1995-2004

Publié le 1 Juin 2006
Mis à jour le 10 Septembre 2019

We analysed the surveillance data from listeriosis cases notified to the Finnish National Infectious Diseases Register between 1995 and 2004 and describe our recent experience in investigating clusters of listeriosis cases. The number of annual cases varied between 18 and 53 but no trends in incidence were identified (average annual incidence was 7 cases per million inhabitants). Only a few cases affected pregnant women or newborns. Most of the patients were elderly people with non-malignant underlying illnesses; 25% of them died from their infections. By routine seroand genotyping of the listeria isolates, we detected several clusters; the vehicle for infection was only identified for two outbreaks. At least one quarter of listeriosis cases (78/315) was caused by a certain sero-genotype or closely related genotypes, which have also been found from vacuum-packed cold-smoked or cold-salted fish products. During 2000-2003, Finnish consumers were repeatedly informed about food precautions for risk groups. The information was also given to attending physicians and prenatal clinics. (R.A.)

Auteur : Lyytikainen O, Nakari UM, Lukinmaa S, Kela E, Tran Minh N, Siitonen A
Eurosurveillance. European communicable disease quarterly, 2006, vol. 11, n°. 4-6, p. 82-5