Performance of a syndromic system for influenza based on the activity of general practitioners, France

Publié le 1 Juin 2009
Mis à jour le 10 Septembre 2019

BACKGROUND: In France, as in other industrialized countries, syndromic surveillance systems for the early detection of illnesses have proliferated, but few validation studies on these systems performances exist. In Bordeaux, a south-western city in France, a system using a network of general practitioners house calls, such as SOS Médecins, provided local health data used to guide health service response, in particular in case of flu-like pandemic. We explored the capacity of SOS Médecins system to identify and follow influenza outbreaks using data from the Sentinel network, considered as being a gold standard for tracking seasonal influenza in France. METHODS: Data from SOS Médecins were analysed and compared with data from the Sentinel network. The sensitivity and specificity of SOS Médecins system were evaluated for different simulated thresholds. RESULTS: A relationship between the number of visits for influenza from SOS Médecins and the number of influenza cases from the Sentinel network was observed; data from the two systems were highly correlated. We showed the capacity of SOS Médecins system to identify outbreaks with a sensitivity and specificity of 93%. CONCLUSION: The sensitivity and specificity of SOS Médecins for early outbreak detection showed the value of these data in monitoring influenza activity.(R.A.)

Auteur : Gault G, Larrieu S, Durand C, Josseran L, Jouves B, Filleul L
Journal of Public Health, 2009, n°. 2, p. 286-92