Two-year outcome of patients after a first hospitalization for heart failure: a national observational study

Publié le 21 Mars 2014
Mis à jour le 10 Septembre 2019

BACKGROUND: national population-based management and outcome data for patients of all ages hospitalized for heart failure have rarely been reported. AIM: national population-based management and outcome of patients of all ages hospitalized for heart failure have rarely been reported. The present study reports these results, based on 77% of the French population, for patients hospitalized for the first time for heart failure in 2009. METHODS: the study population comprised French national health insurance general scheme beneficiaries hospitalized in 2009 with a principal diagnosis of heart failure, after exclusion of those hospitalized for heart failure between 2006 and 2008 or with a chronic disease status for heart failure. Data were collected from the national health insurance information system (SNIIRAM). RESULTS: a total of 69,958 patients (mean age, 78 years; 48% men) were studied. The hospital mortality rate was 6.4%, with 1-month, 1-year and 2-year survival rates of 89%, 71% and 60%, respectively. Heart failure and all-cause readmission-free rates were 55% and 43% at 1 year and 27% and 17% at 2 years, respectively. Compared with a reference sample of 600,000 subjects, the age- and sex-standardized relative risk of death was 29 (95% confidence interval [CI] 28-29) at 2 years, 82 (95% CI 72-94) in subjects aged<50 years and 3 (95% CI 3-3) in subjects agede90 years. For subjects aged<70 years who survived 1 month after discharge, factors associated with a reduction in the 2-year mortality rate were: female sex; age<55 years; absence of co-morbidities; and use of angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors or angiotensin receptor blockers, beta-blockers, lipid-lowering agents or oral anticoagulants during the month following discharge. Poor prognostic factors were treatment with a loop diuretic before or after hospitalization and readmission for heart failure within 1 month after discharge. CONCLUSIONS: this large population-based study confirms the severe prognosis of heart failure and the need to promote the use of effective medications and management designed to improve survival. (R.A.)

Auteur : Tuppin P, Cuerq A, de Peretti C, Fagot Campagna A, Danchin N, Juilliere Y, Alla F, Allemand H, Bauters C, Drici MD, Hagege A, Jondeau G, Jourdain P, Leizorovicz A, Paccaud F
Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases, 2014, vol. 107, n°. 3, p. 158-68