Measles outbreak in the Provence - Alpes - Côte d'Azur region, France, January -July 2003. Epidémie de rougeole dans la région Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur, France, janvier à juillet 2003

Publié le 1 Janvier 2005
Mis à jour le 10 septembre 2019

At the end of May 2003, the Marseilles Hospital Centre's virology laboratory informed the French public heath institute of 5 cases of confirmed measles among young adults living in Marseilles. An investigation was conducted, consulting different community and hospital health services, to determine the virus circulation in the Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur (PACA) region by the southern interregional epidemiological cell. The investigation identified 259 cases: 183 clinical, 74 serologically confirmed and 2 epidemiologically linked cases. The first cases were identified during the first six months of 2003, with a peak in April. This outbreak of measles in the PACA region was favoured by poor vaccination coverage, which created groups of susceptible population. The real number of cases was probably higher than the number identified. This investigation has outlined the limitations of the measles surveillance system in France: the sentinel network had not detected any case for this period. France needs to reach the WHO objective of measles elimination by 2010 and the surveillance tools used must be those already used in the most countries that are furthest advanced in the elimination process. To reach this goal, the Direction Générale de la Santé has nominated a working group to be in charge of proposing a national plan to interrupt indigenous measles transmission in France

Auteur : Six C, Franke F, Mantey K, Zandotti C, Freymuth F, Wild F, Parent du Chatelet I, Malfait P
Eurosurveillance. European communicable disease quarterly, 2005, vol. 10, n°. 1-3, p. 46-8