Monitoring the dynamics of the HIV epidemic using assays for recent infection and serotyping among new HIV diagnoses: experience after 2 years in France

Publié le 1 Août 2007
Mis à jour le 10 septembre 2019

Background : New tools to better monitor dynamics of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) transmission are needed. Methods : National surveillance of newly HIV diagnoses included the collection of dried serum spots to identify both recent infections (<6 months) and HIV serotypes. Multivariate analyses were used to identify factors associated with recent infection and infection with non-B subtypes. Results : Between 2003 and March 2005, 7902 new HIV diagnoses were reported. The overall proportion of recent infections was 24.9% (95% confidence interval, 23.8%?26.0%) and was highest among men who have sex with men (MSM; 46%). Recent infection was associated with being an MSM, <30 years old, of French nationality, and living in Paris. Nearly half of newly HIV-1 diagnoses were with non-B subtypes. The highest proportion of non-B infections was reported among African heterosexual persons (81%), but important proportions were reported among French heterosexual persons (34%) and MSM (12%). Being infected by a non-B subtype was independently associated with being African, <30 years old, heterosexual, and living in Paris. The proportion of HIV-2 infection was 1.9%, and 11 cases of HIV-1 group O infection were identified, mainly among West Africans. Conclusions : There is evidence of high levels of HIV transmission among MSM in France and transmission of non-B subtypes within the indigenous French

Auteur : Semaille C, Barin F, Cazein F, Pillonel J, Lot F, Brand D, Plantier JC, Bernillon P, Le Vu S, Pinget R, Desenclos JC
The Journal of infectious diseases, 2007, vol. 196, n°. 3, p. 377-83