OBJECTIVE: We assessed the uptake of a nutritional intervention promoting exclusive breast-feeding with early cessation between 3 and 4 months of age to reduce postnatal transmission of HIV in Abidjan, Cote d'Ivoire. DESIGN: Between March 2001 and March 2003, HIV-infected pregnant women who had received perinatal antiretroviral prophylaxis were systematically offered prenatally 2 infant feeding interventions: artificial feeding or exclusive breast-feeding during 3 months and then early cessation of breast-feeding. Mother-infant pairs were closely followed for a period of 2 years, with continuous nutritional counseling and detailed collection of feeding practices. RESULTS: Among the 557 mothers enrolled, 262 (47%) initiated breast-feeding. Of these women, the probability of practicing exclusive breast-feeding from birth was 18% and 10% at 1 and 3 months of age, respectively. Complete cessation of breast-feeding was obtained in 45% and 63% by 4 and 6 months of age, respectively. Environmental factors such as living with a partner's family were associated with failure to initiate early cessation of breast-feeding. CONCLUSIONS: Acceptability of exclusive breast-feeding was low in this urban population. Shortening the duration of breast-feeding seemed to be feasible, however. Further investigations are ongoing to evaluate the safety and effectiveness of this intervention in reducing breast milk HIV transmission.
Auteur : Becquet R, Ekouevi DK, Viho I, Sakarovitch C, Toure H, Castetbon K, Coulibaly N, Timite Konan M, Bequet D, Dabis F
Journal of acquired immune deficiency syndromes, 2005, vol. 40, n°. 5, p. 600-8