Benchmarking French regions according to their prevalence of healthcare-associated infections

Publié le 1 Octobre 2013
Mis à jour le 5 juillet 2019

OBJECTIVE: to propose an original method of benchmarking regions based on their prevalence of healthcare-associated infections (HAIs) and to identify regions with unusual results. DESIGN: to study between-region variability with a three-level hierarchical logistic regression model and a Bayesian non-parametric method. SETTING: French 2006 national HAIs point prevalence survey. PARTICIPANTS: total of 336 858 patients from 2289 healthcare facilities in 27 regions. Patients with an imported HAI (1% of the data, 20.7% of infected patients), facilities with <5 patients and patients who had at least one missing value for the variables taken into account were excluded (5.0% of patients). MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE: binary outcome variable indicates whether a given patient was infected. RESULTS: two clusters of regions were identified: one cluster of five regions had a lower adjusted prevalence than the other one of 22 regions, while no region with unusually high prevalence could be identified. Nevertheless, the degree of heterogeneity of odds ratios between facilities for facility-specific effects of use of invasive devices was more important in some regions than in others. CONCLUSIONS: the adjusted regional prevalence of HAIs can serve as an adequate benchmark to identify regions with concerning results. Although no outlier regions were identified, the proposed approach could be applied to the data of the 2012 national survey to benchmark regional healthcare policies. The estimation of facility-specific effects of use of invasive devices may orient future regional action plans. (R.A.)

Auteur : Chen YT, Rabilloud M, Thiolet JM, Coignard B, Metzger MH
International journal for quality in health care, 2013, n°. 5, p. 555-63