Prevalence of macrovascular complications and cardiovascular risk factors in people treated for diabetes and living in France : The ENTRED study 2001

Publié le 1 Avril 2008
Mis à jour le 5 juillet 2019

Aim. - The aim of this study is to estimate the prevalence of macrovascular complications and cardiovascular risk factors among people with diabetes living in France and to compare these prevalences with other national estimates. Methods. - We randomly sampled 10,000 people who received one or more reimbursements for insulin or oral hypoglycaemic treatment from the major national medical insurance system during the period October-December 2001; 3646 of the 10,000 people completed a questionnaire; for a subgroup of 1718 people, their care providers completed a medical questionnaire. Results. - The prevalence of diagnosed macrovascular complications was of 17% according to patients (angina or myocardial infarction, 15%; coronary revascularization, 9%) and of 20% overall, according to physicians (angina or myocardial infarction, 16%; coronary revascularization, 6%; stroke, 5%). Macrovascular complications were more frequent in people with type 2 than type 1 diabetes, reflecting an age effect. The prevalences of cardiovascular risk factors in type 1 and type 2 diabetes were: current smoking, 35 and 14%; overweight, 28 and 42%; obesity, 9 and 36%; blood pressure superior to 130/80 mmHg, 29 and 59%; LDL cholesterol superior or equal to 3.4 mmol/l, 18 and 26%, respectively. Conclusions. - Compared with other European countries, elevated blood pressure is more frequent in people with diabetes living in France; compared with US estimates, the prevalence of macrovascular complications is lower, glucose control better and blood pressure control poorer in France. These data, observed in a country with widespread access to care and at low cost to the patient, nevertheless demonstrate an urgent need for improving the cardiovascular risk profile of people with type 1 and type 2 diabetes, both with and without macrovascular complications (R.A.)

Auteur : Romon I, Fosse S, Eschwege E, Simon D, Weill A, Varroud Vial M, Detournay B, Fagot Campagna A
Diabetes & metabolism, 2008, vol. 34, n°. 2, p. 140-7