Correlates of health-related quality of life in French people with type 2 diabetes

Publié le 5 Août 2013
Mis à jour le 9 septembre 2019

AIM: Diabetes is known to impair health-related quality of life (HrQol). Our aim was to analyse a comprehensive set of potential determinants of HrQol in a large sample of patients with diabetes. METHODS:This study is based on the ENTRED 2007 study, a representative sample of adults (18 years and older) with diabetes. Data were extracted from postal self-reported questionnaires (from patients and medical practitioners) and from reimbursements from the National health insurance data system. HrQol was assessed with the MOS SF-12 for mental (MCS) and physical (PCS) component summaries. Multivariate linear regression models were used to analyse the variables associated with HrQol. RESULTS:SF-12 MCS and PCS were available in 2832 patients with T2DM, with a mean age 64 years (1715 males, 56%). Lower income, severe hypoglycaemic episodes, hospitalisation e24h, instrumental daily living (IADL) restriction, low satisfaction for social support and an HbA1c within the 8.1-10.0% range were associated with lower MCS rating, whereas an older age and male gender were associated with higher MCS. Older age, female sex, higher BMI, lower income, insulin treatment, macrovascular complications, severe hypoglycaemic episodes, hospitalisation e24h, and IADL restriction were associated with lower PCS values whereas having no need for social support was associated with higher PCS values. DISCUSSION: HrQol associated factors are multiple but mainly linked with socio-demographic factors, diabetes complications and satisfaction for social support. A patient centred approach should be tested to prevent impairment of HrQol and thus to decrease the burden of diabetes. Assessment of social support should be included. (R.A.)

Auteur : Bourdel Marchasson I, Druet C, Helmer C, Eschwege E, Lecomte P, Le Goff M, Sinclair AJ, Fagot Campagna A
Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice, 2013, vol. 101, n°. 2