In 2003, the epidemiology of tickborne encephalitis (TBE) in Lithuania was very unusual. The incidence rate (763 cases, 22 per 100 000 population) was double the average incidence over the last 10 years, and was the highest annual rate recorded since notification began at the end of the 1960s. This rate was also the highest of all the Baltic countries in 2003. Four lethal cases of TBE were notified in 2003. TBE is normally transmitted by a tick bite, but in 2003, 22 cases of TBE (4 clusters), were acquired by consuming unpasteurised goat's milk, a well recognised transmission route.
Auteur : Asokliene L
Eurosurveillance, 2004, vol. 8, n°. 26