A human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-negative patient with no risk factor experienced HIV type 1 (HIV-1) primary infection 4 weeks after being hospitalized for surgery. Among the medical staff, only two night shift nurses were identified as HIV-1 seropositive. No exposure to blood was evidenced. To test the hypothesis of a possible nurse-to-patient transmission, phylogenetic analyses were conducted using two HIV-1 genomic regions (pol reverse transcriptase [RT] and env C2C4), each compared with reference strains and large local control sets (57 RT and 41 C2C4 local controls). Extensive analyses using multiple methodologies allowed us to test the robustness of phylogeny inference and to assess transmission hypotheses. Results allow us to unambiguously exclude one HIV-positive nurse and strongly suggest the other HIV-positive nurse as the source of infection of the patient.
Auteur : Goujon CP, Schneider VM, Grofti J, Montigny J, Jeantils V, Astagneau P, Rozenbaum W, Lot F, Frocrain Herchkovitch C, Delphin N, Le Gal F, Nicolas JC, Milinkovitch MC, Deny P
Journal of virology, 2000, vol. 74, n°. 6, p. 2525-32