Epidemiology of human enterovirus 71 infections in France, 2000-2009

Publié le 1 Janvier 2011
Mis à jour le 05 juillet 2019

BACKGROUND: Human enterovirus 71 (EV-71) emerged as a significant pathogen able to cause large outbreaks involving severe neurological cases and children fatalities in Asia. OBJECTIVES: To describe epidemiology of EV-71 infections in France. STUDY DESIGN: Fifty-nine patients admitted in 12 different hospitals from 1994 to 2009 were included. The entire VP1 coding gene of 58 EV-71 strains was sequenced and phylogenetic analyses were performed to assign strains to genogroups/subgenogroups and to compare French isolates to European and worldwide isolates. RESULTS: The median age of the patients was 1.04 years (9 days to 7 years). Among 46 documented EV-71 infections, 39 were self-limited. Seven children developed severe sepsis-like, respiratory or neurological complications. Among them, 2 children died from acute respiratory distress syndrome. All the EV-71 strains belonged to genogroup C: 31 isolates belonged to subgenogroup C1, 26 to subgenogroup C2 and 1 to subgenogroup C4. All the strains were genetically related to other European strains isolated at the same period of time. Although C1 isolates were predominant between 1994 and 2005, C2 strains have been predominant since 2007. No association was found between any genotype and the age or the clinical symptoms. CONCLUSIONS: The C4 subgenogroup, which was associated with large outbreaks in China, did not spread in France. It is important to monitor more carefully the EV-71 strains circulating in France to detect the introduction of new genetic variants that could be associated with major outbreaks. (R.A.)

Auteur : Schuffenecker I, Mirand A, Antona D, Henquell C, Chomel JJ, Archimbaud C, Billaud G, Peigue Lafeuille H, Lina B, Bailly JL
Journal of Clinical Virology, 2011, vol. 50, n°. 1, p. 50-6