Cancers in France in 2015 attributable to occupational exposures

Publié le 1 Janvier 2019
Mis à jour le 22 août 2019

Background: recent and comprehensive estimates for the number of new cancer cases in France attributable to occupational exposures are lacking. Objectives: to estimate the number of new cancer cases attributable to occupational exposures, using a newly developed methodology and the most recent data, for a comprehensive set of occupational carcinogens in France in 2015. Methods: surveys among employees, the national labor force data, a cohort of agricultural workers, national monitoring of workers exposed to ionizing radiation and job-exposure matrix in France were used. The number and proportion of new cancer cases attributable to established occupational carcinogens (Group 1) was estimated using estimation of lifetime exposure and risk estimates from cohort studies. Cancer data were obtained from the French Cancer Registries Network. Results: in France in 2015, an estimated 7905 new cancer cases, 7336 among men and 569 among women, were attributable to occupational exposures, representing 2.3% of all new cancer cases (3.9% and 0.4% among men and women respectively). Among men and women, lung cancer was impacted the most, followed by mesothelioma and bladder cancer in men, and by mesothelioma and ovary in women. These cancers contributed to 89% of the total cancers attributable to occupational carcinogens in men, and to 80% in women. The main contributing occupational agent was asbestos among men (45%) and women (60%). Conclusions: currently, occupational exposures contribute to a substantial burden of cancer in France. Enhanced monitoring and implementation of protective labor policies could potentially prevent a large proportion of these cancers.

Auteur : Marant Micallefa Claire, Shield Kevin D., Vignat Jérôme, Baldi Isabelle, Charbotel Barbara, Fervers Béatrice, Gilg Soit Ilg Anabelle, Guénel Pascal, Olsson Ann, Rushton Lesley, Hutchings Sally J., Cléro Enora, Laurier Dominique, Scanff Pascale, Bray Freddie, Straif Kurt, Soerjomataram Isabelle
International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health, 2019, vol. 222, n°. 1, p. 22-29