SETTING: Although there are proven risk factors related to air pollution, the prevalent situation in low-income countries is not well known. OBJECTIVE: To quantify the health impacts associated with particulate air pollution in the city of Algiers. DESIGN: Descriptive study to evaluate a health impact assessment (HIA) approach based on a dose-response curve from the literature. A study area was defined around an air quality monitoring site in Algiers. Daily health data were obtained from a network of physicians practising in out-patient health centres. RESULTS: Over the period studied, the number of consultations for respiratory reasons attributable to PM10 exposure was 439, representing 4.5% of all health events observed. Different scenarios were examined, showing that a reduction in ambient levels of PM10 would be accompanied by important public health gains. CONCLUSION: The study allowed us to test the applicability of the HIA approach in a low-income country and to confirm the interest of the approach. Although the estimation of dose-response functions obeys a complex methodology, the HIA is an alternative that constitutes an important decision-making tool.
Auteur : Laid Y, Atek M, Oudjehane R, Filleul L, Baough L, Zidouni N, Boughedaoui M, Tessier JF
The international journal of tuberculosis and lung disease, 2006, vol. 10, n°. 12, p. 1406-11